The Hidden Costs: Risks and Consequences of Under-the-Table Payments for Employers

March 28, 2024

The Hidden Costs: Risks and Consequences of Under-the-Table Payments for Employers

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by Christine Brunner CPA, CFE, MAcc | Chief Executive Officer | Brunner Sierra Group

In recent years, the practice of paying employees cash "under the table" has been a subject of scrutiny and criticism for its legal and ethical implications. This payment method refers to the compensation of workers without proper documentation or withholding of taxes. While it might seem like a straightforward way to simplify payroll processes or reduce tax burdens, the risks and consequences associated with this practice can be severe for employers. This article explores the dangers and tax implications for employers who choose to pay their employees in this manner.


Legal Repercussions

One of the most immediate dangers for employers paying under the table is the violation of tax laws. In many jurisdictions, employers are required to report wages paid to employees and withhold the appropriate amount of taxes, contributing to social security, Medicare, and unemployment taxes. Failure to comply with these regulations can result in significant legal penalties, including fines and, in severe cases, imprisonment.

Moreover, such practices can also violate labor laws. Employees paid under the table may not have access to essential benefits such as workers' compensation, unemployment insurance, and social security benefits. This oversight not only puts employees at a disadvantage but also exposes employers to lawsuits and legal actions for failing to provide mandated benefits and protections.


Tax Implications and Penalties

From a tax perspective, the consequences of under-the-table payments can be substantial. The Internal Revenue Service (IRS) and other tax authorities take a dim view of unreported earnings. Employers caught avoiding payroll taxes by not properly reporting employee wages can face hefty penalties, interest on unpaid taxes, and the possibility of criminal charges. These financial penalties can be crippling for businesses, especially small ones with limited resources.

The IRS also offers incentives for whistleblowers, encouraging employees and others to report businesses that evade taxes. This means that employers risk being reported by someone within their organization, leading to audits and investigations.

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Damage to Reputation and Employee Relations

Beyond legal and financial repercussions, paying employees under the table can severely damage a company's reputation. In today's socially connected world, news of unethical business practices spreads quickly, potentially leading to boycotts, loss of business, and a tarnished brand image. The trust between employers and their employees can also be significantly damaged, as such practices may be perceived as exploitative or indicative of a lack of respect for workers' rights.


Financial Inaccuracy and Business Risk

Employing under-the-table payment practices can lead to inaccurate financial records, complicating accounting processes and making it difficult for a business to secure loans or investments. Financial inaccuracies can also make it challenging to sell the business or pass it through an audit successfully. In the long term, these practices can undermine the financial stability and growth potential of a business.



While paying employees cash under the table might seem like a convenient shortcut to reduce costs or simplify payroll, the risks far outweigh the benefits. Employers engaging in this practice expose themselves to legal penalties, tax liabilities, damaged reputations, and strained employee relations. Maintaining transparency, complying with tax and labor laws, and conducting business ethically is not only a legal requirement but a cornerstone of sustainable business practices. Employers are urged to consider the long-term implications of their payroll decisions and to adhere strictly to legal and ethical standards.