The Alarming Trend of ‘Swatting’ and Hoax Bomb Threats: A Growing Concern for Law Enforcement and the FBI

January 18, 2024

The Alarming Trend of 'Swatting': A Growing Concern for Law Enforcement and the FBI

In recent years, dangerous trends such as 'swatting' and bomb threats have emerged, posing significant challenges for law enforcement agencies, including the FBI. Swatting involves making a hoax call to emergency services to report a severe but fictitious crime, leading to the deployment of SWAT teams to an unsuspecting victim's residence. Similarly, calling in bomb threats to schools and places of worship has become a method of causing panic and disruption. These deceitful acts not only divert critical resources but also pose severe risks to public safety and the victims targeted.

The Rise of Swatting/bomb threats as a Law Enforcement Problem:

Originally perceived as a reckless prank, swatting has evolved into a grave concern, much like the alarming rise in bomb threats to public spaces. These actions waste the valuable time and resources of emergency responders, with the deployment of armed officers significantly raising the risk of accidental harm or violence escalation, which can lead to tragic outcomes.

On January 17, 2024, numerous school districts across Western Montana received a bomb threat. The email threat, although was not considered credible, was addressed appropriately by law enforcement with sweeps of the schools and increased police presence.

Political Motivations Behind Swatting and bomb threats:

Alarmingly, swatting and bomb threats are increasingly being weaponized for political purposes. Individuals or groups, aiming to intimidate or retaliate against those with differing political views or to disrupt political events, have adopted these tactics. These nefarious uses add layers of complexity to the problem, intertwining with issues of political freedom and expression, making it more than just a public safety concern.


The FBI's Response to Mitigate Dangers: In response to the escalating threat of swatting, the FBI has ramped up its efforts to combat this trend. Recognizing the multi-faceted nature of the problem, the FBI's approach includes:

  1. Enhanced Investigation and Surveillance: By utilizing advanced investigative techniques and surveillance technology, the FBI works to trace hoax calls and identify perpetrators swiftly.
  2. Interagency Collaboration: The FBI collaborates closely with local law enforcement agencies, sharing intelligence and strategies to effectively respond to swatting incidents.
  3. Public Awareness Campaigns: The FBI actively engages in public awareness campaigns, educating the community about the dangers of swatting and encouraging individuals to report suspicious activities.
  4. Legislative Advocacy: The FBI supports legislative efforts to classify swatting as a federal crime, advocating for stricter penalties to deter potential offenders.
  5. Training Programs for Responders: Specialized training programs for first responders are being developed to equip them with the skills to assess and handle potential swatting situations effectively.

The trends of swatting and bomb threats, particularly when used for political motivations, present complex and hazardous challenges for law enforcement and the FBI. They are not only a reckless endangerment of innocent lives but also a significant drain on emergency resources. Through concerted efforts in investigation, collaboration, public education, legislative advocacy, and responder training, the FBI is at the forefront of combating these perilous trends. The collective responsibility of law enforcement, policymakers, and the public is pivotal in curtailing the rise of these threats and safeguarding our communities.